UNESCO E-library of Park Škocjan Caves and The Karst Biosphere Reserve

Srebarna is an eutrophic lake, situated on the Danube river bank, 18 km west of the town of Silistra. In 1948, the lake was designated as a nature reserve, which included a belt of forest plantations along the Danube river; Komluka Island and the aquatory between the island and the river bank. In 1999, the Reserve was converted from strict to managed reserve, in order to make possible some activities, aimed at management of the wetland.

foto partnerji bolgarija-2Srebarna Managed Reserve

In 1983, Srebarna lake and Nature reserve, has been inscribed in the list of the World Heritage Convention of UNESCO.

The World Heritage Property protects a lake and a wetland ecosystem of 638 ha, additionally protected by a 673 ha buffer zone, created in 2008 with a decision of the World Heritage Committee, along with the criteria of the World Heritage Convention of UNESCO.

Nearly two thirds of the lake are covered by Reed, Narrow Leaf Cattail, Common Cattail, and Graceful Cattail and other marsh vegetation.

In the open-water surfaces aquatic vegetation develops in summer, for example Common Frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae), White Waterlily (Nymphaea alba) various pondweed species (Potamogeton ssp.).

Very characteristic of the lake are the natural floating islands formed by sediments surrounded by reed roots. Srebarna Managed Reserve and World Heritage Property hosts a considerable variety of species, communities and ecosystems, with about 2748 taxons recorded there.

Srebarna lake is the most important site along the Bulgarian Danube stretch for the conservation of freshwater flora and vegetation. Some of the species, registered here are rare, threatened or unique for the country.

The international significance of the site is determined most of all by the exclusively rich ornitofauna. A total of 223 species of birds have been registered in the area, 54 of which are breeding, 57 are listed in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria.

The Property hosts the only colony of Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus) in Bulgaria, as well as the largest breeding populations of the globally threatened species: Pygmy Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus), Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) and Corncrake (Crex crex).

During late autumn and in winter the lake provides a staging site for goose species – Red-breasted Goose (Branta ruficollis), White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), and supports large concentrations of Greylag Goose (Anser anser). The lake hosts the largest mixed colony of herons with Great Egret (Egretta alba), Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), Squacco Heron (Ardeola ralloides), Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), Night Neron (Nycticorax nycticorax), one of the most important breeding sites in the country for the Pochard (Aythya ferina), the Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca), the Greylag Goose (Anser anser) and the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor).

Prepared by:
Tsvetelina Ivanova, Ministry for Environment and Water

Izdelava: Studio Matris